நவம்பர் 21, 2008

Plurality of seats must for reservation

In a significant ruling, the Supreme Court on Thursday held that for reservation to apply there must exist more than one post/seat. Applying this rule, a scheduled caste candidate was denied the job of a History Lecturer in a private college in Karnataka, as there exited a single post in the college’s History department.

In his place, the court approved the appointment of one K Govindappa, a general category candidate appointed by the college in July 1994. Earlier, following the Karnataka Government's refusal to confirm his appointment, Govindappa got a favourable order from the Karnataka High Court forcing the State to approach the Apex Court. The State contended that the post of History Lecturer was a reserved post and only a Scheduled Caste candidate could be selected to it.
Taking exception to the State Government's stand, the Bench of Justices Altamas Kabir and Markandey Katju said, “In order to apply the rule of reservation within a cadre, there has to be plurality of posts.” In other words, the court held that for reserving posts, there must exist more than one in the said cadre.


Treating History department as a separate cadre within the cadre of Lecturer post in the college, the Bench said, “In the absence of duality of posts, if the rule of reservation is to be applied, it will offend the constitutional bar against 100 per cent reservation as envisaged in Article 16(1) of the Constitution.”

The court derived strength in its conclusion from a 1998 Constitution bench decision in the case of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research v Faculty Association where it was laid down that in no case could reservation be made applicable in respect of a single post.

In the present case, the private aided college owned and managed by Vinayaka Rural Education Society contended that being a single post, the same could not be given under reservation, as it would have amounted to 100 per cent reservation. The college applied for approval of the appointment to the State Government, which termed the appointment illegal for being made against a reserved post.

The State argued that out of the total six posts of lecturers, the History lecturer’s post could not be treated as a separate post, but as one belonging to the common pool of lecturers. This argument was turned down by the High Court in its January 27, 2006 order that led the State Government to approach the Apex Court.

http://www.dailypioneer.com/135807/Plurality-of-seats-must-for-reservation-SC.html

Chennai Law College Incident











நவம்பர் 06, 2008

Thirukkattalai templ

The monument: Early Chozha Temple


The Siva-worshiped as Sundaresvara (சுந்தரேஸ்வரர்)-temple seen in the village is a good specimen of early Chozha architecture of the 9th century and is of special interest. The dating of this temple is based on an inscription taken as of in the reign of Adithya Chozha I (முதலாம் ஆதித்த சோழன்) (874 AD) relating land grants for the temple.

This place seems to have been an important pre-historic centre. There are traces of pre-historic burials and stone circles nearby.

The Temple Architecture

The Thirukkattalai temple is a typical structural temple of the parivara complex type with sub-shrines for the relevant divinities found abutting against the prakaram wall. The scheme is different from the freestanding scheme, as at Narttamalai (நார்த்தாமலை) that carries the original sculptures of the respective divinities inside them. This is perhaps one of the few extant examples of an early temple unit with ashta-parivara shrines, meaning, a temple around which are eight sub-shrines, standing intact.
The garbha-griham and ardha-mandapam (அர்த்த மண்டபம்) belong to the second half of the 9th century and are among the earliest structures in the district. The former is built of stone from basement to finial, and has a square vimanam (விமானம்). Below the stupi (ஸ்தூபி) and simha-lalatam (சிம்ம லலாடம்) and in the tier below are two rows of niches, one above other; those on the south contain seated figures of Dakshina-moorthi (தக்ஷிணா மூர்த்தி) and Bhikshatana-moorthi  (பிக்ஷாடணமூர்த்தி), those on the west figures Varaha (வராகம்) and Vishnu and those on the north two figures of Brahma. The corbels are fluted and above them is a line of vyali-s (யாளி). The niche in the southern wall contains an idol of Vina-dhara Dakshina-moorthi (வீணாதார தக்ஷிணாமூர்த்தி), a rare and interesting specimen, that in the western wall a figure of Lingod-bhava (லிங்கோத்பவர்) and that on the northern wall a figure of 
Brahma. The dvara-palaka-s (துவாரபாலகர்) have only two arms. 

The Amman shrine belongs to the late Chozha period. Round the central shrine are seven sub-shrines dedicated to Surya, the Sapta-matrika (சப்த கன்னியர்), Ganesa, Subrahmanya (சுப்பிரமணியர்), Jyesta (ஜ்யேஷ்டா), Chandra and Chandikesvara (சண்டிகேஸ்வரா) a feature peculiar to early Chozha temples. 

The Inscriptions

There are number of inscription. In some of the inscriptions the place is mentioned as Thiruk-karrali (திருக்கற்றளி) meaning "the sacred stone temple" and also as Karkurichchi (கார்குறிச்சி).